Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy Unit (With 4Pack) Hydrocollator Hot Pack Unit 4 pack Stainless Steel Basic Model ( Outer body 202 grade SS and Tank 202 grade SS ) used in Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Make In India

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Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy Unit (With 4Pack) Hydrocollator Hot Pack Unit 4 pack Stainless Steel Basic Model ( Outer body 202 grade SS and Tank 202 grade SS ) used in Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Make In India

The specifically designed Pack heating unit automatically maintain Hot Packs in the water at the proper temperature. Made out of heavy gauge stainless steel sheet (,Outer body 202 Grade SS Sheet  and Inner Tank 202 Grade SS Sheet )  double-walled & well insulated in between with Glass wool .



  • Construction: Unit's outer body made of 22 gauge & inner chamber of 20 gauge S.S.Sheet double-walled, well insulated.
  • Dimensions: Overall, approx.38 x 30 x 45cm high.
  • Heat Control: Thermostat to control Temperature from 30 to 110 deg Centigrade  with 2 Indicator 
  • Heater: 2KW specifically designed Heater.
  • Hot Packs: 4 packs ( 1Pc small ,1 pc Standard ,1 pc Full back 1pc Cervical ) Containing special heat-retaining silica gel crystals.
  • Accessories: 1 forceps to get-out Hot-packs from hot water & Power Pin Plug.
  • Finish: Polished finish inside.
  • MCB ( Mini Circuit Breaker ) based short circuit controller to protect the Equipment from Damage 
  • Deluxe Castor Wheels friction-free movement about the clinic


1) Biotronix Physio Hydroculator moisture hot pack warmer to warm steam pack.
Unit controlled thermostatically to insure the ideal temperature for pack.
2) Complete Stainless steel design outside and inside.
3) Full fiber glass insulation to prevent heat loss. 
4) Units are equipped with caster for easy mobility in the clinics and hospitals.
5 )Unit designed with international safety standards 
  • MCB ( Mini Circuit Breaker ) based short circuit controller to protect the Equipment from Damage 
Model No. SF1050 - 4 Pack  
Mains Power - 220 V 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption - 2000 W
Tank Capacity - 25 Liter
Temperature Range - 70° to 80°C
Temperature Cut out - 30° - 110°C
Heat up Time (to 70°C) - 2 Hrs
Cool Down Time (From 70°C) - 1 Hrs
Weight - 15 kg
Dimensions - (L × W × H) 38 × 43 × 58 cm
Electrical Safety Class - Class 1, Type B
Safety Tests - EN 60601-1

Package Contents:

  • 1 pc Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy Unit Hydrocollator Hot Pack Unit 4 pack Stainless Steel Basic Model 
  • 1 Set Hot pack  ( 1Pc small ,1 pc Standard ,1 pc Full back 1pc Cervical )
  • 1 pc Forceps 
  • 1 Complementary Physio Chart Set  ( 6 Physio Charts ) 


Warranty Details: 1 Year Offsite Warranty for Equipment against manufacturing defects ,No warranty or Guarantee for the Accessories like wire pads Applicator etc .

We are a remarkable entity, engaged in offering a superior assortment of Hydrocollator Heating Unit.

Hydrocollator in Physiotherapy The efficient automatic units which produce a uniform and constant temperature to heat steam packs is called Hydro collator unit. The Hydrocollator unit is a stainless steel tank in which silica gel packs are heated. The capacities of the machines vary and all units have insulated bases.

Hydrocollator machine in Physiotherapy The heater is thermostatically controlled and maintains water in the unit at a temperature between 70 and 80 degree Celsius. The Hydrocollator can be left on continuously as long as there is sufficient water in the tank.

The Hydrocollator pack is a fabric envelope containing silica gel. The main properly of gel is its capability to absorb many times its own volume of water and when heated to give off moist heat for 30-40 minutes.The packs are heated in a Hydrocollator unit.



  • Pain & Muscle Spasm: The moist heat of the hydro collator packs can relieve pain and muscle spasm in superficial regions. The rise in temperature also causes increased circulation which then removes pain metabolites and thus breaks down the vicious cycle of pain and muscle spasm.
  • Inflammation: In the case of mild inflammation, temperature elevation of 2 to 5 c will cause an increase in phagocytosis and aid absorption of the exudate.
  • Oedema: Oedematous areas over a large section of an extremely  chronic stages can be treated with a hot pack in elevation to help absorption of the exudate.
  • Adhesions: The raised temperature of the collagen will make it easier to stretch the adhesions.


 Features : 

  • Durable Stainless steel water tank
  • Thermostatic Control
  • Four size of silica gel packs
  • Mobile unit fitted with wheel
  • Simple to fill and drain water
  • Model : Hydrocollator
  • Operation Mode : Electrical
  • Usage : Clinical, Hospital, Personal


Hot Pack Details : Small (Size 5" x 12")-1pc, Standard(10" X 12") - 1pc, Full Back(10" X 22")-1pc , Cervical - 1pc











  • Fully Constructed With Heavy Stainless Steel Material.

  • Instrument With Heat Retention Technology.
  • Automatic Adjustable Temperature Control For Power Saving.
  • Free Stainless Steel Moist Pack Holder.
  • Custom Designed Moist Packs Free With Unit.
  • Outlet Facility Available.

    Instrument Mounted On Castor Wheels.



    Hydro Collator Machine

    We are leading manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of Hydro Collator Machine in Delhi, India. It is the thermostatically controlled machine that is utilized to warm the water. It is design and developed from premium quality and advanced technology. Our team follows a very systematic approach that allows for the proper functioning of all operations. The efficient automatic unit that produces an even and constant temperature to heat the vapor packs is called the Hydro Finisher. The capacities of the machines differ and all units have insulated bases.. This Hydro Collator Machine is used for the heat treatment of back pain, muscle spasm, sciatica, wrist, elbow pain, ankle pain and spondylolisthesis, etc. Also this Hydro Collator Machine customized as per the specifications of the customers.


    The benefit of moist heat treatment for arthritis, bursitis, muscle spasm, back pain and joint stiffness is recognized by leading medical and sports training experts everywhere. However, the biggest challenge has been heating your heat pack to the right temperature quickly. That’s where the Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy Heating Unit comes in! With the Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy  Heating Unit, you can quickly and consistently heat packs that last up to 30 minutes for pain relief. No need to worry about your heat pack being too hot or too cold – a thermostat on the Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy ensures consistent, reliable temperatures to deliver deep, penetrating pain relief. The Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy  Heating Unit is made of durable, maintenance-free stainless steel, ensuring a long product life. Its 15lt. tank heats up to an ideal 160° F in just 1 hour, and cool-down takes approximately 3 hours. Because it’s portable, the Biotronix Moist Heat Therapy  Heating Unit allows you to bring reliable, consistent heat therapy to your patients just about anywhere.




Heater Power 2000 W
Power Source Electric
Usage/Application Clinical Purpose
Material Stainless Steel
Shape Rectangular
Feature Corrosion Resistance
Brand Biotronix 



Moist Heat Physical Therapy 

Moist heat—also called superficial heat—is a physical therapy modality used to control pain, speed healing, relax muscles, and increase range of motion. In a moist heat treatment, a hot pack is placed on the tight or painful area and left there for about 10 or 15 minutes. Other physical therapy treatments include ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and iontophoresis.

How Moist Heat Controls Pain

Moist heat may help control your pain by blocking pain signals from being transmitted. Application of heat may also help reduce pain by relaxing muscle spasm and enhancing healing (see below for more about that).

Although opinions on this differ, many experts recommend that moist heat be used only for chronic or sub-acute back or neck pain. The thinking is if you put a hot pack on an acute injury, you risk increased swelling or bleeding which may aggravate the area and cause more pain.

How It Speeds Healing

Put a hot pack on an injured or tight area of your back, and you'll likely increase circulation. Increased circulation speeds the delivery of blood, and therefore oxygen and nutrients. It also accelerates the removal of waste products.

Another way moist heat helps the healing process is by increasing enzyme activity. This raises your metabolic rate and helps release oxygen from the hemoglobin molecule into your tissues, where it helps with repair.



Moist heat relaxes muscles and other soft tissue. In fact, your therapist may guide you in using stretching as an adjunct. Stretching during or after this treatment may result in longer-lasting improvements in flexibility and joint range of motion.


Heat: By increasing the temperature of the skin/soft tissue, the blood flow increases by vasodilatation. The metabolic rate and the tissue extensibility will also increase. Heat increases oxygen uptake and accelerates tissue healing, it also increases the activity of destructive enzymes, such as collagenase, and increases the catabolic rate.



Thermotherapy includes warm whirlpool, warm hydrocollator packs, paraffin baths, and fluidotherapy. Primary physiological effects of heat include:

  • Vasodilation and increased blood flow
  • Increased metabolic rate
  • Relaxation of muscle spasm
  • Pain relief via the gate-control mechanism and reduced ischemia
  • Increased elasticity of connective tissue

It also works by stimulating fibroblast proliferation accelerating endothelial cell proliferation and improved phagocytic activity of inflammatory cells Heat is believed to have a relaxing effect on muscle tone by reducing muscle spindle and gamma efferent firing rates; there is also the theory that relaxation of muscle is assumed to occur with the disappearance of pain.



The Ultimate Warm-Up: How to Use Moist Heat for Pain Relief

Learn How Moist Heat Can Help Treat Pain

Most people are familiar with using hot and cold treatments for pain, but did you know that not all heat is created equal?

There are two different types of heat therapy: moist and dry.

Both are meant to penetrate below the skin to relieve pain and soreness, but it’s important to know the benefits of each before choosing one to include in your physiotherapy treatment plan.


What is Moist Heat?

Moist heat therapy includes a wet heat source used to soothe and relax sore muscles, joints and ligaments.

This could include hot water bottles, steam towels, hot baths, or moist heating packs.

Hot baths can be especially helpful because the enveloping heat will target both the injured muscles and the ones that may have tensed up to compensate for your injury.


What are the Benefits of Moist Heat?

In comparison to dry heat (electric heating pads and heat wraps), moist heat can penetrate the skin faster and deeper, getting right to the muscle—the root of your pain.

A study comparing the two types of heat therapy showed a greater pain reduction with moist heat in less time than dry heat. There’s also a reduced chance of skin irritation since the moisture helps to increase tissue elasticity.

Dry heat can provide a more consistent level of heat for a longer period of time. As a result, some see it as more convenient and easier to use.

Thermotherapy, or heat therapy, is the use of heat in therapy. The therapeutic effects of heat include increasing extensibility of soft tissues, decreasing joint stiffness, reducing pain, relieving muscle spasms, and increasing blood flow to speed up the healing process. There are 2 different types of heat, either moist or dry. A dry heat tends to act more on the surface of the skin while a moist heat will penetrate deeper to improve therapeutic effects. The most common form of heat application in rehabilitation is the use of moist hot packs (Hydrocollator packs).  

What is Moist Heat Therapy?

What to Expect When Receiving Moist Heat Therapy

If you’re preparing for your first moist heat therapy session, it’s important to know what to expect. Moist heat therapy is administered by qualified physical therapists. While it seems like something you can do on your own, it is important to let a professional do it for you.

During your physical therapy session, moist heat therapy is administered by applying a hot pack on a tight or painful area. It remains there for about 15 minutes. The length of time that it stays there is largely dependent upon how tolerant you are to heat, as well as how long the therapist deems it should stay there.

– What Are Moist Heat Packs?

Moist heat packs are made out of bentonite and covered in canvas. They’re stored in hot water averaging around 160 degrees, and then placed in towels or wraps before being placed on the body. This is to prevent burns and prevent rapid cooling.

– A Relaxing Form of Therapy

Many people find that moist heat therapy is the most relaxing form of physical therapy. It’s comparable to massages in terms of its “feel good factor.” Most of the time, it’s used to start a physical therapy session to relax and loosen the muscles being targeted.

How Moist Heat Therapy Does the Body Good

Keep reading to find out how moist therapy works, and the different benefits that patients can get from it.





Moist Heat can reduce muscle spasms, reduce joint stiffness, and make soft tissue more flexible. Heat can be used to help loosen tight muscles and joints during a warm-up period before exercise.

Heat is not used the first few days after an injury or while your injury has any swelling because heat increases blood flow and can worsen swelling. Heat is typically used on chronic (older than 4-6 weeks) injuries and pain.

Moist heat is more effective than dry heat because it penetrates more deeply, which increases the effect on muscles, joints, and soft tissue. Moist heat is typically applied using moist hot packs that are stored in a hydrocollator at 160 degrees. A moist heat treatment usually lasts for 15 to 20 minutes.

canvas pouch with silica gel

pack is kept in a water- filled heating unit maintained between 160’f- 170’f

packs maintain temparature for 30-45 minutes

packs transfer heat by conduction

main benefit is superficial heat to 1 cm




  • increase circulation 1.5-2x normal
  • increased metabolism ( contraindicated in 2-3 days post injury )
  • increase inflammation, phagocytosis, wound healing
  • decreased pain ( analgesia ) not as effective as cryotherapy for acute pain
  • decreased muscles spasm
  • decreased tissue stiffness( fluids less viscous and collagen releases easier )
  • depth of effect are not as great as with cold
  • vascular changes are confined to skin
  • increase sensory nerve conduction
  • temparature is carried on A- delta fiber
  • analgesic effects both distal and proximal to area treated


  1. subacute or chronic inflammatory conditions

2.reduction of subacute or chronic pain

3.subacute or chronic muscle spasm

4. decreaced ROM

5. hematoma resolution

6.reduction of joint contracture

7. infection


  1. acute conditions

2. peripheral vascular disease

3. impaired circulation

4. poor thermal regulation



cover pack waterry cloth or towel covering

place pack on patient in comfortable manner( patient on pack is contraindicated )

check patient within 5 to 6 minutes for comfort

allow 3-4 hr minimum between treatments on the same day

How Moist Heat Can Help Treat Pain

Most people are familiar with using hot and cold treatments for pain

There are two different types of heat therapy: moist and dry.

Both are meant to penetrate below the skin to relieve pain and soreness.


Moist heat therapy includes a wet heat source used to soothe and relax sore muscles, joints and ligaments.

This could include hot water bottles, steam towels, hot baths, or moist heating packs.

Hot baths can be especially helpful because the enveloping heat will target both the injured muscles and the ones that may have tensed up to compensate for your injury.



In comparison to dry heat (electric heating pads and heat wraps), moist heat can penetrate the skin faster and deeper, getting right to the muscle—the root of your pain.

A study comparing the two types of heat therapy showed a greater pain reduction with moist heat in less time than dry heat. There’s also a reduced chance of skin irritation since the moisture helps to increase tissue elasticity.

Dry heat can provide a more consistent level of heat for a longer period of time. As a result, some see it as more convenient and easier to use.

*How is Moist Heat Applied

1) Any heating pads, whether they have water or gel inside, need a layer in between the source and your body to avoid burning the skin.

2) You may see your physiotherapist using a hydrocollator, which heats pads in a thermostatically controlled water bath.

3) The pads are put in covers before being placed on the injured area. Any source of moist heat should be monitored throughout to ensure the skin does not overheat. You shouldn’t use heat therapy when the injured area is bruised, swollen or the skin is broken or hot to the touch.

– Moist Heat Controls Pain

It is theorized by some professionals that moist heat packs help block the transmission of pain signals. It may also help reduce pain by relaxing painful muscle spasms. It’s important to note that moist heat packs are only utilized for chronic neck and back pain. Acute injuries may only increase in pain and swelling if moist heat packs are applied.

– Moist Heat Speeds Healing

When moist heat packs are placed on tight muscles on the back or neck, circulation will increase. Circulation increases the blood flow in the area, bringing with it nutrients and oxygen. It also removes the waste products associated with the healing process (old tissue, old blood, etc.).

– Moist Heat Increases Flexibility

Moist heat relaxes muscles and soft tissues in the affected area. As muscles relax, the back and neck become more flexible. Often, the physical therapist will help promote flexibility through the application of moist heat, which increases overall joint flexibility and range of motion.


Heat Therapy

Heat therapy is a type of physiotherapy with direct application of a hot pack or hot towel over an affected area for about 15 to 20 minutes, usually 2 to 3 times a day.


Heat application increases the temperature and improves circulation of the applied area with the followings effects:

  • Reduce swelling
  • Relieve pain
  • Relax muscles and soft tissues
  • Improve flexibility
  • Hasten recovery
  • Hasten recovery


Chronic musculoskeletal pain (there should not be acute inflammation)
(For example, back and neck pain, chronic knee pain, muscle pain, etc.)


The temperature of the hot pack should be comfortably warm, not "the hotter the better". If you have heart disease or hypertension, it is advisable to consult your doctor or physiotherapist before application. If there is any discomfort during the application, stop immediately. Seek medical advice in case of doubt.


Heat application is not suitable for the following conditions:
Acute inflammation

  • Dermatitis
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Open wound
  • Skin sensation impairment (e.g. some diabetic patients)
  • Severe cognitive impairment (e.g. dementia patients)

After application:

After heat application, it is usual to have temporary redness of the applied area. If there is persistent rash, pain or severe discomfort result, seek medical advice.


Heat therapy is useful especially when combined with adequate rest, proper care, correct posture and supplementary exercise. It can help to speed up the recovery of many painful conditions. If in doubt, seek advice from a physiotherapist or health staff.


*Benefits of Hot Packs

The heat provided by the hot packs has several important benefits. These may include:

Relaxes tight muscles causing tissues to relax.

Decreases pain caused by muscle tension or spasms.

Causes vasodilatation of the blood vessels which increases circulation to the area.

Increased circulation to your injured body part helps to bring in nutrients, oxygen, and cells that help to promote healing. This increased circulation can also wash away metabolic waste materials that may be gathered around your injured body site.

Patients with certain conditions typically benefit from using hot packs in the physical therapy clinic. These conditions may include:

  • Arthritis
  • Chronic pain
  • Joint contracture
  • Muscle spasms
  • Chronic injury where increased blood flow is desired

*How Is Heat Applied

Heat is applied in specific ways:

  • Your body should be positioned comfortably
  • The body part to be treated with heat should be exposed
  • Your PT will obtain a hot pack from a device called a hydrocollator. This is a big box containing water heated to about 160 degrees. The hot pack is filled with clay and sand, and it absorbs the hot water.
  • The hot pack is wrapped in a terry cloth towel and applied to your body part to be treated.

When the heat is first applied, it may not feel hot; it takes a few minutes for the heat to penetrate the toweling. Just wait a few minutes and you’ll start feeling the heat penetrate your skin.

If you were to look inside any busy Physical Therapy Clinic, you would observe a variety of treatments and modalities being used to help patients feel better and restore their function after injury, illness or surgery.  The application of heat is a thermal modality commonly used in a rehabilitative setting to bring about positive, healing changes in the affected areas causing pain.  In this article, I will discuss moist heat as a therapeutic tool for patients and describe what conditions benefits from its use.

We all know how comforting and good for the soul warmth can be.  That is why we are drawn to fireplaces, hot mugs of cocoa, snuggly blankets on a cold day, or the warmth of the sun on our skin as we lounge on a sandy beach.  Heat has used to make people feel better, probably since the beginning of time.  Eons ago, health care practitioners learned that the application of heat to a specific problem area relieved pain and increased mobility, long before the scientific reasons for this were understood.

The application of heat to an injury or sore muscle initiates a healing cascade by:

  • Increasing blood flow to the area of injury
  • The increased blood flow brings healing nutrients to the area
  • Waste products caused by injury or disease are more quickly taken away
  • Heat stimulates the metabolism providing energy for healing
  • Heat is naturally sedating and calming to irritated nerves other soft tissue
  • Heat helps to relax muscle tension preparing them for exercise or stretching

We often treat the following conditions/injuries with moist heat:  arthritis, tendinitis, sprained or strained muscles (after the acute inflammatory phase which last 48 hours); neck or back pain, etc.  Moist heat is a very effective and inexpensive treatment for those who have musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction.


In Physical Therapy, we typically use moist heat (vs. dry heat) because it is more effective, penetrates more deeply and is more comfortable to the patient.  Heat packs are kept in hot water which ranges in temperature between 140 and 160 degrees Fahrenheit.  Before we apply the hot packs to the patient, we typically wrap them in towels to provide a barrier between the hot pack and the patient to avoid burning the skin.  The moist heat is left in place for up to fifteen minutes.  After that the heat reduces and loses it effectiveness.

The skin under the pack may become red, but that is a temporary side-effect from the vasodilation of the capillaries in the skin.  When used under the supervision of a trained Physical Therapist, thermal therapy with moist heat is extremely safe.  However, there are people who should not be treated with moist heat, including those who: have open wounds or bruised skin; have swelling; have diabetes (because they often have an impaired ability to discern sensation); those with dermatitis (inflammation of the skin); those with MS (multiple sclerosis); vascular diseases; deep vein thrombi (DVT); women who are pregnant should consult with their OB physician before using moist heat, and patient with heart disease or hypertension should also consult their PCP before treatment.  If a patient has any of these issues, they should discuss their condition with their Physical Therapist.  Often, there are alternative treatments that we can use to effectively treat the patient.


Benefits of Moist Heat

What is the difference between moist and dry heat?

Moist and dry heat are the most common superficial heat therapy treatments. However, moist heat is more effective than dry heat in providing deeper penetration of the tissue at the same temperatures. Moist heat also has additional capacity to change the tissue temperature rapidly and obtain more vigorous response from temperature receptors. Patients often report greater relief of symptoms from moist heat. Moist heat can speed recovery by increasing blood flow to the targeted area. This increased circulation brings in fresh blood and takes away the wastes which may slow healing. Our Thera-Temp® Microwaveable Moist Heat Wraps produce moist heat by drawing moisture from humidity in the air and retaining it in therapeutic beads.


How do dry and moist heat compare?

Comparison indicates that moist heat has many advantages over dry heat:

  • Moist heat is more effective than dry heat in deeper tissue heating
  • Moist heat penetrates more than dry heat at the same temperature
  • Moist heat has additional capacity to change the tissue temperature rapidly and obtain more vigorous response from temperature receptors
  • Patients often report greater relief of symptoms from moist heat
  • Moist heat is preferred over dry heat as a treatment or component of the treatment for the following conditions: pain, stiffness and secondary muscle spasm in chronic arthritis , acute temporomandibular joint closed lock condition , and pain and muscle spasm on posterior neck and back in patients with ankylosing spondolytis

When should I use heat therapy?

Heat or Moist Heat Therapy should be used for chronic conditions such as muscle discomfort or stiffness. For example, for some people, nothing soothes their back pain like a hot pack. In a 2002 study published in the medical journal Spine, investigators at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey concluded that the continuous application of low-level heat wrap therapy eased low back pain better than two common over-the-counter painkillers. Heat therapy can also be used before exercise to increase the flexibility of joints and to increase blood flow. (Note: You should not use heat therapy after exercise. Instead, use cold therapy.) Because heat therapy increases circulation and increases the skin temperature, it should not be used when there is any swelling or inflammation.


How should I use heat therapy?

The best way to apply moist heat or heat is to alternate twenty minutes of heat therapy with a twenty minute break. Repeat this process for three to four times daily until stiffness and soreness decreases. It is important when using heat therapeutically to always have enough barrier between the skin surface and the heat pack to protect the skin.

What precautions should I take when using heat therapy?

  • Most therapists and doctors advise not to use heat right after an injury, as this will have the opposite effect of ice. Heat increases blood flow and relaxes muscles. It's good for easing tight muscles, but will only increase the pain and swelling of an injury.
  • Heat therapy should not be used on people who have circulatory problems, who are unconscious, who cannot feel or respond to heat (e.g. in paralysis).
  • Take care not to burn or damage the skin. Use extra caution if you are diabetic.
  • Place a soft towel or cloth between the heating pack and the skin.
  • Take care when using a heat pack if you are taking medicines that make you sleepy or if the area being treated is numb.
  • Limit the heat therapy at first to ten or fifteen minutes at a time. Try ten minutes every one to two hours.
  • Wait at least twenty-four hours before applying heat to skin that has been bruised, cut or used for an injection or subjected to any "invasive" procedure. (NOTE: Heat can increase bleeding.)
  • Important: If the area is inflamed or sore from overuse, use cold therapy, NOT heat therapy!

The benefits of heat therapy, whether moist or dry, come firstly in the form of increased blood circulation through the injured area. This has the effect of speeding the healing process. Heat can also reduce pain through the “gating” process. This process utilizes the fact that the receptors that transmit pain signals to the brain are also responsible for transmitting heat signals. As a result, the application of dry or moist heat stimulates these receptors and “drowns out” the pain signals they would otherwise transmit to the brain. The result is a reduction in the level of pain the patient is experiencing. This process is similar to that used by menthol based pain relievers such as Motion Medicine.


Moist Heat Achieves Quicker & Deeper Penetration Of Body Tissues

Moist heat has been clinically proven to have several advantages over dry heat. These include quicker and deeper penetration of the patient’s tissues and a more powerful response from the body’s temperature receptors.

However, although moist heat offers these advantages, its effects do not last as long as those of dry heat. Studies have shown that the benefits of moist heat last only for around 2 hours on average while those of dry heat can persist for as long as 8 hours.

Treatment Of Arthritis & Other Deep Sources Of Pain Using Moist Heat

Moist heat therapy can be a good choice for treating deep seated sources of pain like knee osteoarthritis.

Because of its ability to reach deep tissues and pain sources, moist heat can be particularly effective when treating arthritic pain. Osteoarthritis, for example, is a result of sections of bone rubbing against each other without the protective cartilage that is supposed to prevent direct contact. For such a deep source of pain, most heat therapy offers the valuable benefit of being able to reach the source of pain more quickly than dry heat therapy.

Moist heat therapy is also effective in treating pain and secondary muscle spasms that some patients report as a side effect of chronic arthritis.,


Other problems for which moist heat can be a good choice of therapy include Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness or DOMS (frequently experienced after exercise) and pain from back or neck muscle spasms. DOMS has proven surprisingly resistant to treatment using most other forms of therapy. However, heat therapy (and moist heat therapy in particular) turns out to be effective in relieving its pain and discomfort. In all of these situations, the ability of moist heat to quickly reach deep tissues is a valuable advantage.

While moist heat is a good choice in the above situations, it should not be considered when infection is present or if the injury is a fresh one. In those situations, ice therapy is a better alternative. It will slow down the metabolism and reduce any bleeding that may be present. If the injured area is sensitive to touch or the skin around it is hot and/or red, heat therapy is not a good choice.

Can Moist Heat Be Used to Treat Swelling?

Despite its many advantages, heat, whether moist or dry, is not a good choice to treat swelling. This is particularly true of swelling that arises in the immediate aftermath of an acute injury. In most situations, moist heat therapy will increase skin temperature and promote increased blood circulation, which will only make the swelling worse. Despite its many benefits, moist heat should be avoided whenever there is swelling or inflammation present.

5 Reasons to Use Moist Heat for Hand Pain and Stiffness

The use of moist heat therapy has been proven to improve mobility, prevent stiffness, and make movement easier and less painful. It is very beneficial if you are struggling with chronic hand pain and stiffness from hand arthritis, fractures, or surgeries.

Moist heat is pretty much a staple in rehabilitation clinics around the country.  Athletic Trainers and Physical Therapists often apply moist heat to an injured, painful body part either before or after performing exercises or stretches.  The reason is because moist heat has many benefits beyond making you feel better.


Why Use Moist Heat for Hand Pain and Stiffness

  1. The warm temperature radiates from your heat source, and dilates the blood in the area where it is applied. This increases the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the joints and muscles, making blood flow smoother and increasing ease of your movement.
  2. Damaged tissue can heal from the the increased flow of oxygen and nutrients moist heat provides.
  3. Moist heat helps stretch the soft tissues around connective tissue and joints, decreasing stiffness and increasing flexibility in tendons and ligaments.
  4. Heat stimulates the sensory receptors in the skin, which means applying heat can decrease the pain signals transmitted to the brain, helping to relieve discomfort.

The warmth from heat therapy can decrease muscle spasms and increase range of motion.

When to Use Moist Heat for Hand Pain and Stiffness

  1. Use moist heat therapy regularly to improve mobility in your hands, wrists, elbows, and shoulders, to prevent stiffness and make movement easier.
  2. If you have arthritis in your hands; moist heat wraps specifically made for the hands prior to movement can provide you targeted relief to the small, stiff joints in the fingers.
  3. Try hot baths with Epsom salts for overall relief at the end of the day.
  4. Regular activity is crucial for improving overall physical health. Yoga, Tai Chia, Pilates, gentle exercises can improve your mobility and help build strength. After exercise, use your moist heat to calm down areas that may have been stressed during the exercise.
  5. After a workout, you can alternate heat and cold therapy to reduce inflammation in the joints. It can provide minor pain relief.




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